The Male Factor: What Every Couple Should Know About Male Infertility

We talk a lot about infertility, mostly from a woman’s perspective, but what most people don’t know is that the male infertility factor has been shown to be the underlying cause in 40% of couples who have difficulty getting pregnant.

Causes of male infertility

Causas infertilidad


Male infertility can have multiple causes and can depend on genetics, general health, fitness, disease, and dietary contaminants:


Also known as sex drive, libido describes a person’s desire to have sex. Low libido makes it more difficult for couples to conceive.

The cause of a lack of libido must be determined, since it can be caused by hormonal disorders such as a lack of testosterone or other substances in the body. This is treated with the help of appropriate medications.

Erectile dysfunction

Also known as impotence, erectile dysfunction is when a man is unable to develop or maintain an erection. This will not only affect the intimate life of the couple, but it will also be an impediment to ejaculate and conceive a baby.

Many factors can cause erectile dysfunction, consumption of certain medications, circulatory problems or even emotional problems can cause erectile dysfunction.

Sperm count

An important aspect of semen quality is the number or concentration of sperm in a given amount of semen. Normal semen contains 40 to 300 million sperm per milliliter.

A low sperm count or oligospermia is considered to be between 10 and 20 million sperm per milliliter, twenty million sperm per milliliter may be suitable for pregnancy if the sperm are healthy.

Many things can lead to a low sperm count, including past medical problems, age, and your environment. Your lifestyle also influences, so if you smoke or use recreational drugs, they can cause male infertility.

Sperm quality

Sperm quality is also called sperm morphology. Even if you have a normal sperm count, they should still be healthy enough to make the journey from the vagina to the cervix and from the uterus to the fallopian tubes. Normal sperm cells have egg-shaped heads and long tails. Sperm use these tails to “swim” toward the egg. The more normal-shaped sperm you have, the easier it will be for them to reach your partner’s egg.

Sperm motility

It is measured as the percentage of moving sperm in a semen sample. Healthy motility is defined as sperm with forward progressions of at least 25 micrometers per second. If a man has poor sperm mobility, it is called asthenospermia or asthenozoospermia.

Testosterone levels and hormonal balance

The precise balance of hormones in a man’s body determines the success of the male reproductive system. Male infertility can result if the body does not produce enough testosterone or gonadotropins, which include follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

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