Understanding PCOS: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder that causes enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges. PCOS can cause missed or irregular menstrual periods, and irregular periods can lead to infertility and the development of cysts. With PCOS, the eggs never mature enough to trigger ovulation.

Most women find out they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s, when they have trouble getting
pregnant and visit their doctor, but the truth is that PCOS can occur at any age after puberty.

Discover the main causes of polycystic ovary syndrome

Síndrome ovario poliquístico


High Levels of Androgens

Although they are called ‘male hormones’, most women produce androgens in small amounts, being able to control the development of masculine traits, such as male pattern baldness. Women with PCOS have more androgens than normal. If a patient has higher than normal androgen levels, the ovaries are prevented from releasing an egg during each menstrual cycle. It can also cause additional hair growth and acne.

High Insulin Levels

Up to 70% of women with PCOS have insulin resistance, which means their cells can’t use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas to help the body use sugar from food for energy. When cells cannot use insulin properly, the body’s demand for insulin increases. The pancreas produces more insulin to compensate. The extra insulin causes the ovaries to produce more male hormones.


Women with PCOS often have higher levels of inflammation in their bodies. Being overweight can also contribute to inflammation. Studies have linked excess inflammation to higher androgen levels.

Polycystic Ovary Symptoms

Síntomas ovario poliquístico


There are some key symptoms that help identify this syndrome so that you understand if you have it or not.

  • Irregular periods: Most women with PCOS tend to have irregular or missed periods as a result of not ovulating. As I mentioned earlier, some people can also get ovarian cysts, but many don’t.
  • Weight gain: About half of people with PCOS will have weight gain and obesity that is difficult to control.
  • Fatigue: Many people with PCOS report increased fatigue and low energy. Related problems, such as lack of sleep, can contribute to feelings of fatigue.
  • Unwanted hair growth (also known as hirsutism): Areas affected by excessive hair growth can include the face, arms, back, chest, thumbs, toes, and abdomen. Hirsutism related to PCOS is due to hormonal changes in androgens.
  • Thinning hair on the head: PCOS-related hair loss can increase in middle age.
  • Infertility: PCOS is one of the main causes of female infertility. However, not all women with PCOS are the same.
  • Acne: Hormonal changes related to androgens can lead to acne problems. Other skin changes, such as the development of skin tags and dark spots on the skin, are also linked to PCOS.
  • Mood swings: Having PCOS can increase the likelihood of mood swings, depression, and anxiety.
  • Pelvic pain: Pelvic pain can occur with periods, along with heavy bleeding. It can also occur when a woman is not bleeding

Is there a treatment for PCOS?

Tratamiento para el SOP


If a woman is not trying to get pregnant, hormonal birth control is standard treatment. Birth control pills regulate periods and improve excessive hair growth and acne by lowering androgen levels and protecting the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus) from abnormal cell growth.

One option when trying to get pregnant is inositol, which is a member of the vitamin B complex group. It is found in a wide variety of foods including fresh fruits, beans, whole grains, and seeds, and can be found in many forms. The most common forms are Myo-Inositol and D-Chiro Inositol.

Myo-Inositol when taken with D-Chiro Inositol promotes proper utilization of the hormone insulin. This inositol blend can help your body properly process insulin and return it to a balanced state. It can also help maintain a healthy circulatory system.

Inositol is also known to be an effective stress-reducing and mood-enhancing supplement. All major neurotransmitters (dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, acetylcholine, and GABA) depend on inositol to transmit messages. This is because inositol has a balancing effect on serotonin levels in the brain, an important molecule in the brain often referred to as the “happiness molecule.”




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